May 24 2016 0comment



As SIGEM Business and Project Development Center, we have long been involved in humanitarian purpose projects and have long worked for new designs that are suitable for use in emergency situations. Started to use after tsunami earthquake in Indonesia, the shelter concepts of SIGEM, namely Disaster Response Buildings (DRB), Fast Response Buildings (FRB) and Re-Locatable Buildings (RLB) were preferred by many international organizations and non-governmental organizations (please see our “Projects” worldwide for details).

As a company who has deep knowledge and expertise in disaster response, we wanted to touch upon the ‘importance’ of disaster shelters in general and give a brief explanation about their significance in disaster/emergency response.

In a world where both natural disasters and human-made crisis have been experienced in very high-level, use of Disaster Relief (DR) Shelters and their importance has also increased.

When disaster strikes, the completely unexpected becomes the everyday reality such as seen in a hurricane strike, a major earthquake or in human made crisis. With little warning and often devastating impact, disasters demand the best performance from both people and equipment.

Disaster rapid response places a special pressure on the government and relief agencies which have been tasked with assembling the tools, talent and resources to respond quickly and to begin recovery. Disaster Relief Shelters play a major role in these efforts, from serving as temporary work spaces for relief personnel to providing secure work facilities for military or police.

These fast response buildings provide not only temporary solutions for ‘accommodation’, but they also provide private as well as secure places for victims who are imposed to such disaster. It is undeniable fact the damage after the disaster is not only physical; but also psychological. The mental situation of people has naturally been affected due to their possible loss of houses, friends  and so on. In this case, fast response shelters provide them help in recovering from such negative affects of disasters. They also help them better start to rehabilitation phase.

In IFRC/CRS report, published in 2013, disaster shelters are considered as crucial elements in provision of personal safety, climate protection, security and resistance to diseases and ill health.

The main physical characteristics of disaster relief shelters are that they can easily be erecteddismantled in just a short time and they can also be stored for future immediate re-use. They are modularflexible, ease in installation, immediate solutions that they provide are also other reasons for authorities, local communities and NGOs to choose them.

Even though most of the DRs such as tents, prefabricated buildings, steels, plastic sheets, have common characteristics as mentioned above; they also differ from each other in terms of material used, durability, ground preparation need, extandablity, and their integratedness with local people during mantling.

Whatever feature they have, shelters in disasters have undeniable importance in disaster response and recovery.



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